Joan Miró Facts
-Together with Max Ernst, Miró invented the “grattage” technique, which involves scraping paint off the canvas.
-He received the Gold Medal of Fine Arts in 1980
-Miró, in contrast with most other Surrealists, was a quiet man. He married Pilar Juncosa and they had one daughter.
-Miró was not fond of the “Surrealist” tag, as he felt that this definition would place limitations on his creativity.
The city of Barcelona has been influenced by a great number of artists. Gaudi is certainly the one who most left his stamp upon the artistic culture of the city, but many others have also left their trace. One can add to this list the famous works of Joan Miró, an artist who is considered as one of the Spanish masters of surrealism. In our article, we will provide some background information about one of Catalonia’s great painters, and will also reveal some interesting facts about the legacy of Miró in Barcelona.
Who is Miró?
Joan Miró was born in Barcelona in 1893 and lived there for more than 30 years. He studied commerce in the city, yet without much conviction, and then started to carry out what had always been his chief passion: painting and sculpture, by bringing together the Beaux Arts school of Barcelona. Miró was influenced by fauvism, cubism, the expressionist movement, and especially by the surrealist movement, following his stay in Paris. One finds in these works the influence of the unconscious, of childhood, the woman and also of Spanish art and culture. These works indeed appear to come straight out of his imagination, and contain vibrant colours which are characteristic of Spain.
Miró in the city
Several works of Miró are based on the cityscape of Barcelona, giving them an original and joyous character. If you have already stayed in Barcelona, undoubtedly you will have walked down the famous ‘Ramblas’. But did you know that you’ve walked, like thousands of other visitors, on a work of art without even realising it? Indeed, at the Liceu metro stop on the Ramblas is the famous mosaic of Joan Miró. It is based completely on the cityscape, and among those trampling upon it every day very few know that it is a masterpiece. Amazing, isn’t it? If you look a little among the crowd, you can even find the signature of Miró on the paving stones of the mosaic!
Another of Miró’s original works is very close to Plaza España, on Tarragona Street (metro Tarragona or Espanya and ). Upon arriving in front of Park Joan Miró, you will be standing in front of an immense, 22-metre high statue covered with ceramics in bright colors. This surrealist statue is one of the works most characteristic of the famous Miro. Its subject is Dona I Ocell (Woman and Bird). Whether it be a woman or a bird is up to your imagination !
Lastly if you´re lucky enough to be departing from Terminal B at the airport, then here you can see an imposing ceramic mural of Miró here. Finally, in order to discover a great number of the artist’s works, you will also be able to head over to the Miró Foundation on the hill of Montjuic, an exhibition space founded by Miró himself.
Tuesday to Saturday, 10.00 – 19.00
(October – June)
Tuesday to Saturday, 10.00 – 20.00
(July – September)
Thursdays, 10.00 – 21.30
Sundays and public holidays,
10.00 – 14.30
Closed on Mondays (except public holidays)
*Admission to the Foundation
up to 15 minutes before closing time
Students aged 15-30, persons over 65 and unemployed persons (proof must be provided): €6.00
Adults groups: €6.00
Admission to temporary exhibitions only:
Students aged 15-30, persons over 65 and unemployed persons (proof must be provided) €3.00